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Will China use 'nuclear option' of banning rare earth ...

May 22, 2019· The rare earths used are gadolinium, samarium and yttrium. Rare earth elements also are found in synthetic gems used in lasers, microwave equipment and superconductors.

Rare Earth Elements - Rare Element Resources

With rare earths, a little goes a long way. The amount of rare earths used in high tech equipment is nominal but almost always critical to the unit's performance. For example, an iPhone uses eight rare earths – for everything from its colored screen, to its speakers, to the miniaturization of …

10 Top Countries for Rare Earth Metal Production | INN

Uses of rare earth elements: This chart shows the use of rare earth elements in the United States during 2017. Many vehicles use rare earth catalysts in their exhaust systems for air pollution control. A large number of alloys are made more durable by the addition of rare earth metals.

How do we use rare earth elements? | American Geosciences ...

Rare Earth Elements - End Use and Recyclability (Report), U.S. Geological Survey 2011 report on established and newer markets for rare earth elements. Describes in detail the quantities of specific rare earth elements used in different industries, and discusses prospects for future recycling.

Rare-earth element - Wikipedia

Nov 18, 2018· Rare earth metals are actually not as rare as their name might imply. Critical to high-performance optics and lasers and key to the most powerful magnets and superconductors in the world, rare earths are simply more difficult to mine than most …

Health Care - RETA

Yttrium aluminum garnet medical lasers use erbium and are doped or covered by thulium. These lasers are used for skin resurfacing for acne scars removal, mole and wart removal and tattoo removal. Dysprosium, another rare earth element, is integral to the effective operation of electric motors in …

Rare earth industry in China - Wikipedia

The rare earth industry in China is a large industry that is important to Chinese internal economics. Rare earths are a group of elements on the periodic table with similar properties. Rare earth metals are used to manufacture everything from electric or hybrid vehicles, wind turbines, consumer electronics and other clean energy technologies.

The Different Rare Earths and Their Uses | Investing News ...

Rare earths are often split into "heavy" and "light" varieties based on their atomic weight. However, it certainly gets more complicated than that, and it is worth taking a closer look at the uses ...

Why China's rare earths threat is no game changer in the ...

Jun 03, 2019· China is the world's leading producer of rare earths, but Beijing's ability to use them as a weapon is fairly limited, according to several analysts.

China gears up to use rare earths as a weapon in trade war ...

May 29, 2019· Rare earths including yttrium and terbium are used for laser targeting and weapons in Future Combat Systems vehicles, according to the Congressional Research Service report.

Why Rare Earths Could Give China a Trade War Cudgel ...

May 20, 2019· showed up days later at a rare earths processing plant, many observers saw a message in the visit: the U.S. has its own tech vulnerabilities, too.

Rare Earths ETF Tracks The Essential Materials In Tech ...

VanEck Vectors Rare Earths/Strategic Metals ETF tracks these providers of raw materials for the digital age. "Compared to base metals, they have more specialized uses and are often more difficult ...

First rare earth processing facility outside of China to ...

May 31, 2019· Rare earth elements are used every day. They are metals that are used in everything from cell phones to cars, televisions, military jet engines and medical devices.

Why the US buys all its rare earth metals from China ...

Rare earth minerals, though not actually rare, have unique chemical properties that make them essential for wide-ranging technologies, including smartphones, hybrid cars and high-tech weapons.

Could coal ash be a viable source of rare-earth metals?

Sep 14, 2018· Rare-earth elements, including neodymium and yttrium, are not actually rare – more common, in fact, in the Earth's crust than copper and tin. But, because they are …

Rare earths: uses, applications-Metalpedia

Rare earths: uses; Uses of rare earth elements; As rare earth elements are a group of 17 elements with many irreplaceable properties, rare earth metals can be widely used in many areas including magnets, catalysts, metal alloys, electronics, glass, ceramics, new materials and some other high-technology fields. As essential and functional materials, rare earth elements have been named "The ...

Rare earth elements vital to electronics industry

Sep 13, 2011· There are 17 rare earth elements, all vital to the electronics industry in some form. Yet, despite their name, some rare earth elements are relatively plentiful: cerium is, apparently, as abundant as copper. They are regarded as 'rare' because deposits of …

China gears up to use rare earths as a weapon in trade war ...

May 29, 2019· Beijing is readying to use its dominance of rare earths to hit back in its deepening trade war with Washington. A flurry of Chinese media reports on Wednesday, including an editorial in the ...

As trade war heats up, China threatens clampdown on "rare ...

May 29, 2019· The glass industry is the largest consumer of rare earths, which are used for polishing, additives for color and other special optical properties. One rare earth element, lanthanum, makes up …

Rare Earth Elements (Metals) - List - ThoughtCo

The rare earth elements (REEs) or rare earth metals (REMs) are a group of metals found within the same ores and possessing similar chemical properties. Scientists and engineers disagree on exactly which element should be included in a list of the rare earths, but they generally include the fifteen lanthanide elements, plus scandium and yttrium.

China Gears Up to Weaponize Rare Earths Dominance in Trade ...

May 29, 2019· Beijing is gearing up to use its dominance of rare earths to hit back in its deepening trade war with Washington. A flurry of Chinese media reports on …

10 Top Countries for Rare Earth Metal Production | INN

With that in mind, it's worth being aware of rare earth metal production numbers. Here's a look at the 10 countries that mined the most rare earths in 2018, as per the latest data from US ...

Rare earth deposits wordwide and by country | Statista

Rare earth elements, also called rare earth metals, are a group of 17 chemical elements. The largest subgroup within it are the 15 lanthanides. The two other elements are scandium and yttrium.

How are rare earths used? - Lynas Corporation

Rare earths are helping conserve our limited fossil fuel reserves by making us all more energy efficient. From vehicle catalytic converters, hybrid cars, and compact fluorescent light bulbs through to fluid cracking catalysts used by the oil industry, rare earths are a key enabler for the development of energy saving technologies.

What are rare earth elements, and why are they important ...

Rare Earths Statistics and Information (Website), U.S. Geological Survey Portal for information on annual production, price, and use of rare earth elements since 1997, plus links to further information. The Rare Earth Elements - Vital to Modern Technologies and …

Rare Earth Elements—Critical Resources for High ... - USGS

Nov 20, 2002· Rare Earth Element Abundances "Rare" earth elements is a historical misnomer; persistence of the term reflects unfamiliarity rather than true rarity. The more abundant REE are each similar in crustal concentration to commonplace industrial metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, or lead (fig. 4).

Rare earths and wind turbines: A problem that doesn't exist

There's a persistent myth about wind turbines that just won't seem to go away despite reality running to the contrary: they need rare earth materials to generate electricity. For those not acquainted with rare earths like neodymium and dysprosium, they're used in products from your iPhone and computer to flat screen TVs and certain types […]

Rare Earths, Bonds, and Permit Hell: 3 Weapons China Can ...

May 29, 2019· Rare earths are a group of 17 minerals that have a wide variety of uses, including electronics, magnets, lasers, ceramics, batteries, medical …